Constitutional Law

New PDF release: Das Patientenrechtegesetz. Rechte und Pflichten des

By Anonym

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Jura - Öffentliches Recht / Staatsrecht / Grundrechte, notice: 14 Punkte, Universität Augsburg (Rechtswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Institut für Bio-, Medizin und Gesundheitsrecht, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Diese Arbeit richtet sich an alle, die sich als Patienten über Ihre Rechte und Pflichten informieren möchten.

Das Patientenrechtegesetz ist eine Kodifikation, die die rechtliche Beziehung zwischen Behandelndem und Patienten regelt. Als dieses Gesetz erstellt und erlassen wurde, orientierte guy sich an der bis dato vorhandenen Rechtsprechung.

Die Notwendigkeit der Patientenrechtekodifikation wurde häufig in Frage gestellt. Offiziell begründet wurde der Erlass des Gesetzes mit den Argumenten, dass die bisherigen Regelungen der Patientenrechte zum einen viele Lücken aufweisen und zum anderen in ihrer Gesamtheit unübersichtlich und unsystematisch ausschließlich in shape von Richterrecht vorhanden sind. Durch die Schaffung eines Gesetzes wollte guy für mehr Rechtssicherheit und Transparenz sorgen. Ziel battle zudem eine effektivere Durchsetzbarkeit der jeweiligen Rechte. Vor allem aber wollte guy die scenario des Patienten verbessern, indem guy für den Patienten verlässliche Informationen schafft, die er selbst im Gesetz nachlesen kann. Kritiker Christian Katzenmeier schreibt, dass die Kodifikation lediglich aus politischen Gründen erlassen worden wäre, aber sachlich so intestine wie unbegründet sei. Politisch begründet deswegen, weil sich der Einsatz für die Zivilbevölkerung stets positiv auf die agierenden Politiker auswirken würde. Sachlich dagegen unbegründet, da aufgrund der genau ausdifferenzierten Rechtsprechung keinerlei Rechtsunsicherheit bestanden hätte. Aus diesem Grunde sei es kaum zu Neuerungen gekommen, sondern eher zu einer unveränderten gesetzlichen Aufzeichnung des Richterrechts. So auch die Meinung des Kritikers Peter Thurn.

Ob und inwiefern sich die Regelungszwecke erfüllt haben, wird im Folgenden anhand einer Untersuchung der Rechte und Pflichten des Patienten aus dem Behandlungsvertrag erörtert werden.

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Constitutional Law

Get Granville Sharp's Cases on Slavery PDF

By Andrew Lyall

the aim of Granville Sharpe's circumstances on Slavery is twofold: first, to post formerly unpublished criminal fabrics mostly in 3 very important circumstances within the 18th century at the factor of slavery in England, and particularly the prestige of black those who have been slaves within the American colonies or the West Indies and who have been taken to England via their masters. The unpublished fabrics are often verbatim transcripts made by means of shorthand writers commissioned by means of Granville Sharp, one of many first Englishmen to soak up the reason for the abolition of the slave alternate and slavery itself. different comparable unpublished fabric is usually made on hand for the 1st time, together with an opinion of an lawyer normal and a few minor situations from the library of York Minster. at the slave send Zong, there are transcripts of the unique assertion, the deposition by means of the executive mate, James Kelsall and an extract from a manuscript that Professor Martin Dockray used to be engaged on earlier than his premature death.

The moment function, defined within the advent, is to provide a social and felony historical past to the instances and an research of the placement in England of black servants/slaves delivered to England and the criminal results of the instances, considering the hot info supplied through the transcripts. there has been a clash in felony experts to whether black servants remained slaves, or grew to become loose on arrival in England.

Lord Mansfield, the executive justice of the courtroom of King's Bench, used to be a crucial determine in all of the instances and obviously struggled to come back to phrases with slavery. the cloth offers a foundation for tracing the evolution of his proposal at the topic. at the one hand, the large earnings from slave creation within the West Indies flooded into England, slave vendors had penetrated the best associations in England and the pro-slavery foyer was once influential. nevertheless, English legislation had through the years confirmed rights and liberties which within the 18th century have been obvious by means of many as nationwide features. That culture was once strengthened via the information of the Enlightenment.

By concerning the 1760s it had develop into transparent that there has been no estate within the individual, and via the 1770s that such servants couldn't be despatched out of the country with out their consent, yet whether or not they owed a duty of perpetual carrier remained unresolved.

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Constitutional Law

New PDF release: European Agencies: Law and Practices of Accountability

By Madalina Busuioc

ecu corporations were created at a swift speed lately in a large number of hugely pertinent and delicate fields starting from prescribed drugs and aviation defense to chemical compounds or monetary supervision. This business enterprise phenomenon exhibits no indicators of relenting, and the fashion lately is in the direction of the delegation of ever-broader powers. those our bodies, intended to function at arm's size from political keep watch over, have genuine strength and their critiques and judgements can
have an instantaneous influence on members, regulators, and member states. Given the powers wielded by way of the firms, who's accountable for protecting those non-majoritarian actors to account? Is the starting to be crisis surrounding enterprise responsibility 'much ado approximately not anything' or are we confronted with the specter of a
powerful and unaccountable bureaucracy?

These are exactly the questions that this publication seeks to reply to. It therefore addresses the most correct subject matters in present ecu governance: the responsibility of ecu organisations. students have more and more known as awareness to the danger of putting an excessive amount of energy within the fingers of such corporations, which function at arm's size from conventional controls and can't simply be held responsible for their activities. even though this can be a significant factor of shock, systematic empirical learn into the
topic is missing. This ebook addresses empirically even if, and if this is the case on what counts, corporation responsibility is problematical. It examines how the responsibility process of eu organisations operates at either the de jure in addition to the de facto point, via an exam of criminal provisions, relevant
case legislation in addition to coverage files and vast interview fabric. Reflecting on those findings, the booklet additionally deals vital theoretical insights for our knowing and research of responsibility in a fancy regulatory regime resembling the ecu context. The booklet follows a multi-disciplinary procedure and is on the leading edge of legislations and public administration.

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Constitutional Law

Read e-book online Princípios Constitucionais no Estado Democrático de Direito: PDF

By Ana Paula Barcellos

O livro procura discutir o sentido e a eficácia de alguns princípios constitucionais no contexto do Estado Democrático de Direito instituído pela Constituição brasileira de 1988. Alguns princípios examinados são o da dignidade humana, o da valorização do trabalho, o da solidariedade, o da livre iniciativa e o da função social da empresa e da propriedade, dentre outros. O Direito do Trabalho é usado como estudo de caso para exemplificar as interações entre os princípios constitucionais.

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Constitutional Law

The Madisonian Constitution (The Johns Hopkins Series in - download pdf or read online

By George Thomas

Today, we predict of constitutional questions as being settled by means of the ideal Court.But that's not continually the case, neither is it what the framers meant in developing the three-branch federal executive. This quantity examines 4 an important moments within the usa' political heritage -- the Civil conflict and Reconstruction, the innovative period, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's presidency and the recent Deal, and the Reagan revolution -- to demonstrate the Madisonian view that the current upward thrust of judicial supremacy really runs counter to the structure as demonstrated on the nation's founding.

George Thomas opens by way of discussing how the structure encourages an adverse method of settling disputes, thereby maintaining itself because the nation's basic legislations rather than ceding that position to the president, Congress, or very best courtroom. In contemplating the 4 old case stories, he specializes in judicial interpretations and the political branches' responses to them to illustrate that competing conceptions of constitutional authority and that means, in addition to intergovernmental disputes themselves -- instead of any particular end result -- advance the character of the nation's founding rfile as a political instrument.

Engagingly written and soundly argued, this learn clarifies and highlights the political origins of the nation's foundational rfile and argues that American constitutionalism is basically approximately countervailing strength no longer criminal limits enforced via courts.

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Constitutional Law

Get Art. 4 GG als Grundrecht unter Vorbehalt? (Aus der Reihe: PDF

By Niklas Raabe

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich Jura - Öffentliches Recht / Staatsrecht / Grundrechte, observe: eleven, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (Rechtswissenschaftliche Fakultät), Veranstaltung: Seminar "Aktuelle Rechtsfragen des Religionsverfassungsrechts", Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Das Grundrecht auf Religionsfreiheit des artwork. four Abs. 1, 2 GG gilt seit der Verkündung des Grundgesetzes als besonders schwierig zu handhabendes Grundrecht. Bereits im Parlamentarischen Rat gab es Diskussionen um die Interpretation und Ausgestaltung des paintings. four GG. Tatsächlich halten diese Diskussionen nicht nur bis heute an, sondern der religiöse Pluralismus der letzten Jahrzehnte sorgte und sorgt zudem für einen deutlichen Wandel des „Religionsverfassungsrechts“, welches dadurch erheblich an Aktualität und Bedeutung gerade in der Praxis der Gerichte gewonnen hat.
Daher drängt sich notwendigerweise die Frage auf, ob und wie der Staat den dargestellten gegenwärtigen und zukünftigen Herausforderungen für das Religionsverfassungsrecht begegnen kann: Ist ein Beibehalten des Religionsverfassungsrechts in seiner aktuellen Ausgestaltung dafür ausreichend oder sind einschneidende Veränderungen notwendig? Der vorliegende Beitrag versucht, eine in der Literatur immer häufiger gegebene und geforderte Antwort aufzugreifen und zu untersuchen: artwork. four GG als Grundrecht unter Vorbehalt. Ein solcher wird bisher vor allem von der Rechtsprechung abgelehnt, könnte aber möglicherweise als „Weichenstellung“ fungieren und dem Staat mehr Möglichkeiten zur Einschränkbarkeit des paintings. four Abs. 1, 2 GG bieten. Die Frage, ob ein solcher Grundrechtsvorbehalt in der Verfassung enthalten und auf die Religionsfreiheit anwendbar ist, bildet den zent-ralen Gegenstand dieser Arbeit.
Dazu beschäftigt sich der vorliegende Beitrag zunächst damit, welche Bedeutung und Funktion einerseits einem solchen Grundrechtsvorbehalt zukommt und wo sich in Bezug auf die Schrankenseite des artwork. four Abs. 1, 2 GG Probleme ergeben. Auf foundation dieser Grundlagen soll sodann diskutiert werden, welche möglichen Grundrechtsvorbehalte für die Religionsfreiheit nach eingehender Auslegung zulässigerweise hergeleitet werden können und ob sich diese auf paintings. four Abs. 1, 2 GG übertragen lassen. Im Mittelpunkt steht dabei der Ansatz eines Vorbehalts aus artwork. a hundred and forty GG i.V.m artwork. 136 Abs. 1 WRV. Darauf folgend stellt sich dann die Frage nach verfassungsimmanenten Schranken, deren Anwendungsbereich freilich begrenzt ist, wenn guy der hier vertretenen Auffassung folgt und in der Tat einen Grundrechtsvorbehalt für das Grundrecht der Religionsfreiheit aus artwork. one hundred forty GG i.V.m paintings. 136 Abs. 1 WRV herleitet.

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Constitutional Law

New PDF release: A Constitutional History of Secession

By John Remington Graham,Donald Livingston

A undying reference at the correct of secession from Britain�s excellent Revolution to Canada's present state of affairs. Born in Minnesota, John Remington Graham is a constitutional-law lawyer who served as an consultant on secession to the amicus curiae for Quebec.

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Constitutional Law

Dred Scott and the Dangers of a Political Court - download pdf or read online

By Ethan Greenberg

The Dred Scott choice of 1857 is commonly (and accurately) considered as the very worst within the lengthy historical past of the U.S. ultimate court docket. the choice held that no African American may ever be a U.S. citizen and declared that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was once unconstitutional and void. the choice therefore looked as if it would promise that slavery will be perpetually secure within the nice American West. Prompting mass outrage, the choice was once a vital step at the street that resulted in the Civil battle. Dred Scott and the hazards of a Political courtroom strains the heritage of the case and tells the tale of some of the key humans concerned, together with Dred and Harriet Scott, President James Buchanan, leader Justice Roger Taney, and Abraham Lincoln. The booklet additionally examines in a few element all of the 9 separate reviews written by means of the Court's Justices, connecting each one with the respective Justices' previous perspectives on slavery and the legislations. That exam demonstrates that most Justices have been prepared to embody nearly any flimsy felony argument they can locate handy with the intention to justify the pro-slavery outcome they'd predetermined. Many glossy commentators view the case mainly in terms of Roe v Wade and comparable controversies in sleek constitutional legislation: a few conservative critics try and argue that Dred Scott exemplifies 'aspirationalism' or 'judicial activism' long gone improper; a few liberal critics in flip try and argue that Dred Scott as an alternative represents 'originalism' or 'strict constructionism' run amok. the following, pass judgement on Ethan Greenberg demonstrates that none of those smooth evaluations has a lot benefit. The Dred Scott case used to be now not approximately constitutional technique, yet mainly approximately slavery, and approximately how very some distance the Dred Scott court docket was once prepared to visit defend the political pursuits of the slave-holding South. the choice was once mistaken as the court docket subordinated legislation and highbrow honesty to politics. The case hence exemplifies the hazards of a political Court.

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Constitutional Law

Download PDF by Noel Pearson: Quarterly Essay 55 A Rightful Place: Race, recognition and a

By Noel Pearson

The state has unfinished enterprise. After greater than centuries, can a rightful position be stumbled on for Australia’s unique peoples?

Soon we are going to all make a decision if and the way indigenous Australians can be recognized within the structure. within the phrases of Professor Greg Craven: “We have a dedicated major minister, and a devoted competition. we've got a receptive citizens. there'll by no means be a greater time. we haven't any selection yet to deal with the query. If constitutions take care of primary issues, our indigenous historical past is lovely fundamental.”

In A Rightful Place, Noel Pearson exhibits how the assumption of “race” was once embedded within the structure, and the distorting impact this has had. Now there's a probability to alter it – if we will agree on a manner ahead. Pearson indicates what constitutional attractiveness potential, and what it could actually make attainable: real equality and a renewed appreciation of an old tradition. it is a wide-ranging, eloquent demand justice, an essay of exceptional strength that traverses historical past and tradition to make the case for change.

“As lengthy as we have now a structure that characterises Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples at the foundation of race, it is going to continually have deleterious implications for his or her citizenship. It needs to be got rid of … this isn't only a topic of symbolism. i believe it will be an issue of psychology. The day we come to treat ourselves as individuals with a special history, with designated cultures and languages yet no longer of a special race, can be an afternoon of mental liberation. and it'll even be freeing for these within the wider neighborhood …” Noel Pearson, A Rightful Place

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Constitutional Law

Rights in Context: Law and Justice in Late Modern Society by Reza, Professor Banakar PDF

By Reza, Professor Banakar

This quantity deals snapshots of the way rights are debated and hired in public discourse to reshape criminal and political kin firstly of the twenty-first century. It explores how rights are used to problem the scenario via contributors and teams who search justice, and the recommendations devised to defy the present rights through those that desire to recast the social and political order.

This quantity discusses rights, to start with, in terms of genuine occasions and matters confronted via policy-makers, courts, overseas firms, or traditional humans. those variety from the calls for of minority teams residing within the West to freely perform their tradition and/or faith, to the specter of terrorism, the legislation of asylum rights, the investor's rights to disclosure and the rights of artists to freedom of expression. Secondly, rights discourse is tested on the subject of makes an attempt to redefine the shape and content material of rights, for instance, by means of banning the best to put on spiritual symbols in public associations or detaining terrorism suspects with no trial. Thirdly, rights discourse is explored in reference to the makes an attempt to increase new notions of rights, reminiscent of 'human security', which may extra successfully reply to the demanding situations of past due sleek societies. eventually, the statuses of rights in sociological conception and socio-legal study are in short mentioned and analysed.

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